Self checkout markets raise the bar: Key things for operators to consider

The 2012 National Automatic Merchandising Association (NAMA) OneShow marks the second year self checkout micro market companies will be on the exhibit floor. The growth and importance of the micro market channel is further confirmed by the presence on the NAMA OneShow program of a panel, “Customers Love Self Checkout — How to Capitalize on This New Trend,” to be chaired by Terry Touchton, vice president of sales and marketing at Vistar Corp. Panel participants will include the four exhibiting micro market companies — 365 Retail Markets, Avanti Markets, Breakroom Provisions and Microtronic US — and operators who have installed their micro markets.

With an estimated 2,000 micro markets now on location, major questions remain about the business model that will make the markets profitable for the operator. Given that virtually all the current micro market operators are vending operators, the initial response is to follow the vending business model, whereby product manufacturers subsidize the micro market equipment, similar to how beverage companies provide vending machines and provide rebates based on products purchased.

However, the vending model, when applied to micro markets, is severely limited because it does not address the major opportunity afforded by the micro markets: the ability to identify and then satisfy individual consumer tastes and to thereby increase sales.

Why data analysis?

Instead, product manufacturers, micro market providers and micro market operators should concentrate their resources on consumer data analysis to develop product promotions to increase sales and profits. They can do this by:

  • Encouraging non-users at the location to become micro market consumers;
  • Increasing the units and dollars per transaction and transaction frequency by the current micro market consumers; and
  • Converting debit/debit card consumers to use the micro market stored value account card to make purchases.

In a previous article, I noted that vending operators need to act more like traditional retailers to optimize micro market benefits. One example is the use of social media. Micro market operators will have to use social media and mobile marketing to engage the consumer on an individual basis.

To engage the consumer in a meaningful way, micro market operators need data about the consumer’s buying habits. Fortunately, the equipment manufacturers have software that gathers this data. The question is to what extent they will share it with operators to allow operators to maximize sales.

The data file, “Market Report,” shown on this page should be familiar to all micro market operators. The market report has the basic information needed to analyze the micro market consumer, specifically:

  • Consumer ID from the stored value card;
  • Product purchased and category;
  • Price; and
  • Date and time purchased.

The report above includes sales from stored value cards and from credit/debit cards. The bottom three line items in the above report that have no consumer number are for credit/debit card purchases.

From this data, one can observe that Consumer 11036737 (ignoring the first four digits) purchased two items, Seagram’s 20-ounce Seltzer and Pyramid Humus with Pita Chips totaling $3.84 on July 11, 2011 at 12:21 p.m. On July 13 at 11:08 a.m., the consumer purchased only the Seagram’s.

Analyzing this data over a longer period, the objective would be to increase both the consumer’s frequency of sales and the number of items purchased at each transaction.

Each consumer is unique. Look at consumer’s 11039462 purchases of Toggi Chocolate Wafers on July 13 and 14. Should a “reward” program, once a month, be offered to consumers who purchase the same products on a regular basis, such as a “buy two and get one free” offered by many CVS pharmacies?

Convert to stored value card

The market report shows, starting with the blank fields under the “consumer” heading, the purchases made by credit/debit cards. The micro market operator has a dual incentive to convert these purchases to the stored value account card: 1) to eliminate the credit/debit card fees, and 2) to identify specific promotions to these consumers.

Finally, the micro market operator should work with the product manufacturers to coordinate micro market promotions with the product manufacturers’ national and regional advertising and promotions.

For example, Coca-Cola and Kraft had a joint Super Bowl promotion advertised in the New York metropolitan area. New York area micro market operators could have taken advantage of this advertising to convert non-users to consumers. These product manufacturers’ programs and advertising are calendared for at least six to nine months. Micro market operators should know these programs, have the ability to implement them to attract new consumers, and analyze the effectiveness.

The ability to analyze the impact of the product manufacturer’s programs on individual consumers places the micro market operator in the forefront of the second decade of the 21st century. If the micro market operator cannot analyze sales by consumer and stock keeping unit (SKU), micro markets will just be a stagnant, back-water retail channel compared to the dynamic developments in other retail channels.

Micro market operators need support in analyzing this data. But given the current contracts with micro market companies, the question arises: who owns the data? Microtronic US and Breakroom Provisions agree that the data is the property of the micro market operator.

In its contract, Microtronic US states that “Client (micro market operator) shall own exclusive rights (including all intellectual property rights) to any information hosted by the database pertaining to client’s account only, and shall be entitled to the unrestricted use of any information for any purpose, commercial or otherwise.”

Breakroom Provisions currently offers a variety of combination deals to customers and claims its combination offerings are versatile.

In contrast, some other micro market companies have a different view. Some apparently believe the operator does not need to own the data to reap the benefits of market data based promotions.

In its contract, Company Kitchen has the right to mandate product promotions and loyalty programs to its micro market operators and to approve product promotional programs initiated by the micro market operators.

Currently, Company Kitchen offers promotions to micro market consumers.

Avanti Markets has language in its contract that “commercial advertising” revenue must be shared between Avanti Markets and the micro market operator.

Avanti Markets recently released a customer rewards program. The company claims to have the ability to offer meal deals and bundling deals.

Retail 365 offers its clients a comprehensive and strategic analysis of its sales data as well as access to its proprietary product optimization algorithm. The company claims the combination of these items helps its micro market operators optimize profits.

Operators must understand data needs

The micro market operator must have a clear, unequivocal understanding from the equipment provider as to the ownership of the data. Operators who wish to rely on the kiosk provider for promotions will have to be willing to work with a company that owns the data. Operators who think they might wish to develop their own promotions with the product manufacturers, however, will need to own their own data.

Either way, the micro market operator should be associated with an organization that can provide independent consumer analysis. In retail channels like grocery and convenience stores, such organizations exist and work with product manufacturers to provide such data. Perhaps the product manufacturers can provide similar guidance to the micro market operators.

Vending operators for the most part just track and report vending purchases, not consumer sales. This is a 20th Century approach, increasingly not viable in the 21st Century.

Currently, my firm, Vending Consultants Co. is conducting a micro market test to analyze the micro market data with a micro market operator and product manufacturer to increase the monthly micro market sales by 20 percent. To achieve this objective, products and promotions beyond those normally associated with vending will be tested.

To achieve success and profitability, micro market operators should partner with product manufacturers who have and are willing to dedicate the resources and provide analysis similar to that of retail marketing analytics. Such analysis will allow the micro market operator to provide products and promotions directed at each individual micro market consumer.

Allen Weintraub is president of Vending Consultants Co., 333 Mamaroneck Ave., #239, White Plains, NY 10605; office: 914-287-0095; mobile: 914-882-3074; email: